Big Five Personality Traits (OCEAN model), Which One Of These 5 You Are?

Big Five Personality Traits (OCEAN model), Which One Of These 5 You Are?

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In personality psychology, the theory of the big five personality traits or the OCEAN model – is what are believed to be the dimensions that constitute a person’s personality in an axiomatic way.
This theory was originally taken from
Gordon Allport In the personality traits in personality psychology.
(He is an American psychologist. Allport was one of the first psychologists to be interested in the study of personality, and he is always referred to as one of the founders of the basis of personality psychology.)


What is personality psychology?

Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and individual differences.
It is based on several factors, so the basics of personality psychology:

  • Building an integrated picture of the individual and the main processes of his psychological state.
  • Investigating cases of individual differences; How each person is unique.
  • Investigation of human nature; How people are similar to each other.

Divisions of personality or its aspects:

  • Emotional aspect: It is all that relates to values, ethics, emotion, and behavior, meaning that the mind does not interfere with it.
  • Cognitive mental aspect: It is concerned with gathering knowledge and experiences.
  • The Kinetic aspect: It places the interests of the body and the human being as a whole.

However, there are those who say that personality can not be disassembled, it is comprehensive.

A personality is affected by the environment surrounding a person, either to make him a normal and good person or not, and the factors that help create the personality are the people around this character as well.

The human personality consists of a mixture of motivations – habits – tendencies – mind – emotions – opinions, beliefs, and ideas – preparations – abilities – sensations –
All or most of these ingredients blend into the natural human personality.

What is the Theory of personality traits in psychology?

The theory of personality traits is one of the basic approaches to the study of human personality. This theory is concerned primarily with the measurement of traits, which can be defined as the usual patterns of behavior, thinking, and emotion. According to this perspective, these traits are relatively capable over time vary between individuals, and affect their behavior.
For example, we find that some people are social while others are shy.

Gordon Allport is one of the first psychologists to study personality traits, In his approach,

The main personality traits are essential to the personality of the individuals.
While Secondary traits: are less important and are shallow and marginal.
As for the common traits: These are traits that are recognized within a culture and can differ from one culture to another.
As for the intrinsic traits: these traits are known and distinguished by the individual.
The founders of personality traits theory focused more on group statistics than on individual statistics.

There is almost an unlimited number of potential traits that can be used to describe human personality.
However, a statistical technique for factor analysis has demonstrated that certain sets of traits are very closely related to each other.
Hans Eysenck suggested that the traits of personality could be reduced to three main traits. but Other researchers believe that there is a need for more factors that accurately describe the human personality, including wealth, sense of humor, and beauty. But currently, many psychologists believe that five factors are sufficient that we call The big five personality traits or the OCEAN model.

big five personality traits -
big five personality traits

What are the big five personality traits or the OCEAN model?

Researchers and psychologists have found that there is a science to personality. Every single person–regardless of gender, age, or nationality — so they made the big five personality traits in other words it called the OCEAN model.
OCEAN-Test for big five personality traits
  • Openness to Experience
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism


Now let’s dive into every one of the big five personality traits or the OCEAN model with details to understand the meaning and the concept of all personal traits list.

  • Openness to Experience

This trait has characteristics such as imagination and insight. People who are in a high position in this trait tend to be more adventurous and creative. It has been described as the depth and complexity of mental life and individual experiences.
It also comes with the desire of people to try new things and enjoy new experiences as well as engage in creative and intellectual activities. And their ability to think outside the box. they always have excellent ideas, quick to understand things, and can use difficult words, as well as they are full of ideas.

Common characteristics related to this trait (openness to experience) include:
They are very creative in their Intellect and Imagination
Open to trying new things with Originality, Daringness, and Curiosity
Focused on tackling new challenges using their Cleverness and Insightfulness
Happy to think about abstract concepts in-depth and Perceptiveness


  • Conscientiousness

Describes a person’s ability to regulate impulse control in order to engage in act dutifully, and good impulse control, and goal-directed behaviors., And the Standard features of this trait include high levels of thoughtfulness, a tendency to display self-discipline.
Highly conscientious people tend to be organized and mindful of details. They plan ahead, think about how their behavior affects others, and are mindful of deadlines.

People who have Conscientious trait work within the rules, and plan and organize effectively. It is related to how people control, regulate, and direct their impulses in socially acceptable ways.
they are always prepared and pay attention to details, they get chores done right away, they like order too, and follow a schedule, as well as exacting in their work.

Common characteristics related to this trait (Conscientiousness) include:

Self-disciplined, Organized, Achievement striving
Finishes important tasks right away, with Persistence and Ambition
Pays attention to detail and ability to Predictability
Spends time preparing and Planning with Competence and Perseverance
Energy for Hard work, Thoroughness, and Resourcefulness


  • Extraversion

Extraversion (or extroversion) The trait reflects the tendency and intensity to which someone seeks interaction with their environment. It is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world. Extraverts enjoy interacting with people and are often perceived as full of energy. They tend to be enthusiastic, action-oriented individuals.

People who are high in this trait are outgoing and tend to gain energy in social situations. Being around other people helps them feel energized and excited. So they have high group visibility, characterized by talkativeness, assertiveness, and high amounts of emotional expressiveness. like to assert themselves. It concerns where an individual draws their energy from and how they interact with others. Extraverted people may appear more dominant in social settings, as opposed to introverted people in this setting.

Common characteristics related to this trait (Extraversion) include:

Enjoys being the center of attention, Social confidence, and Fun-loving nature
Likes to start conversations they have the ability to be articulate
They are Friendliness and Sociableness enjoys meeting new people
Having a wide social circle of friends and acquaintances
Because of The tendency for affection, they Find it easy to make new friends
Feels energized and Merriness when being around other people they Excitement-seeking


  • Agreeableness

Agreeable people have an optimistic view of human nature. refers to how people tend to treat relationships with others. Unlike extraversion which consists of the pursuit of relationships. Because agreeableness is a social trait, This personality dimension includes attributes such as trust, altruism, kindness, affection, and other prosocial behaviors, and how well people get along with others.
This trait also reflects Agreeable individuals’ value getting along with others. They are generally kind, generous, trusting, and trustworthy, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests with others in general.

Common characteristics related to this trait (Agreeableness) include:

Feels empathy and concern other people for the happiness of other people
Enjoys helping and assists others who need help
They are Sensitive, Unselfishness and have a soft heart
They take time out for others and feel others’ emotions.
Politeness, Kindness, Loyalty, forgiving, Modesty, and Altruism


  • Neuroticism

Neuroticism trait is sometimes called emotional instability characterized by sadness, moodiness, through how they perceive the world. It also includes one’s propensity to experience negative emotions such as anger, anxiety, or depression. It takes into account how likely a person is to interpret events as threatening or difficult. Those low in this trait tend to be more stable and emotionally resilient.

Common characteristics related to this trait (Neuroticism) include:

They have frequent mood swings and worry about things too much.
They get irritated and stressed out easily.
they are Feels anxious and get upset easily.
dramatic shifts in mood, Pessimism, Fear, and Nervousness
Self-criticism, Lack of confidence, Insecurity, as well as Instability because of Oversensitivity.


that was the big five personality traits or the OCEAN model, Now you should be able to define your traits and know which one describes your personality.


The big five personality traits or the OCEAN model, it would be very useful to understand your personality so you can make changes that help you achieve your purpose or goals that need a specific personality.

But first, you may want to know your personality type from my previous article “The Myers Briggs types MBTI test improved,16 Types of Personality test, should know
Now you can set your goals with any skills and any requirements because you can change your personality type and personality traits to suit your specific tasks and goals towards progress and success. and that is why I wrote The big five personality traits.

now after reading The big five personality traits or the OCEAN model, tell me, what are your personality traits?

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